Elders from the “Tundra of the small land”

The tundra west of the mouth of the Pechora river is called in Russian “Malozemelskaia Tundra” – tundra of the small land. There is also a “big lands tundra” on the other site of the Pechora which goes up to the foot of the Ural mountains. The village Nelmin Nos is now the administrative centre of the region once inhabited only by Nenets reindeer herders on the tundra and Nenets and Russian Fishermen on the sea cost and the Pechora delta. All of their small settlements were abandoned in the 50ies and resettled to the central village.

The village museum of Nelmin Nos in its exile in the sports hall

To discover the history of the village and the surrounding regions it’s always a good idea to start with the local museum. It’s more of a local storehouse for old things and memories than a tourist attraction, and it serves mostly school children for local history lessons.

Day of the Reindeer Herder - the authorities

The museum has a rich collection of old photographs, and if found, some early portraits of my interlocutors there.

Alexei Aristarkhovich bottom row in the centre

The 81 year old Aleksei Aristarkhovich Taleev was the son of the head of the village during the war. His father was one of the few men who did not go to war, but had to organise the work for the front in the hinterland. After his military service he became a mechanic and worked for decades in the local electric station where exposure to the noise of the diesel engine made him nearly deaf.

Alexei Aistarkhovich Taleev

Reindeer herder Mikhail Trofimovich Ardeev

Mikhail Trofimovich Ardeev lived all his live in the tundra. He was a party member and was decorated for being the best brigadir (leader of a team of reindeer herders in the kolkhoz) with a medal. Party discipline forced him to agitate his relatives to move to a sedentary life in the village during the 70ies, although he understood that this would be disastrous for the social fabric of the nomadic society. The children and women were separated from the reindeer herders and became alienated this way from the work and life with the reindeer in the tundra.

Decorated brigadir Mikhail Trofimovich Ardeev

The oldest lady in the village is Maria Egorovna Laptander in her 86 year. She had to work all her life in the tundra and is now dependent on the help of her relatives to heat her house. The village administration is delivering firewood and coal, but Maria is not able to prepare the firewood any more. Nevertheless she served me tea in her cold kitchen and shared her disappearing memory about her life an work as a “chumrabotnica” (tent-worker) in the team of reindeer herders.

Maria Egorovna Laptander

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About Stephan Dudeck

Anthropologist at the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland in Rovaniemi, Finland, the Centre for Arctic Social Studies at the European University at Saint Petersburg and the Centre of Arctic and Siberian Exploration at the Sociological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
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One Response to Elders from the “Tundra of the small land”

  1. Pingback: Collecting oral history in the village | Stephan Dudeck – Arctic Fieldwork

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